Nolt Homestead cracks code to raising chickens

James Nolt and his daughter, Martha, tend to a “house” of broilers, which are American Cornish Rock chickens. The houses sit on a clover of alfalfa pasture and are reinforced to keep out predators. A hen (below) lays about 20 dozen light-brown eggs a week. Photos by Catherine Riley

James Nolt and his daughter, Martha, tend to a “house” of broilers, which are American Cornish Rock chickens. The houses sit on a clover of alfalfa pasture and are reinforced to keep out predators. A hen (below) lays about 20 dozen light-brown eggs a week. Photos by Catherine Riley

By Toni W. Riley
A glossy, fat Rhode Island Red hen sits on her nest and clucks as she lays an egg, all while another hen chases a grasshopper. These hens and 150 other hens, along with a few roosters and 200 broilers are part of the pasture-raised poultry at the Nolt Homestead near Honey Grove.
James and Louise Nolt, who moved from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, to Honey Grove 20 years ago, expertly explain their process. James, who describes himself as an avid reader, is well versed in environmentally-friendly agriculture. He read about pasture-raised poultry in publications and began the operation as a way to feed his family of 10 children about five years ago.
The production has worked so well that Nolt Homestead now has a booth at the Downtown Farmers Market. On Wednesdays, customers meet oldest daughter Sarah and her two younger brothers — whom she retorts are not helpers — and on Saturday, mother Louise will be at the stand.
Their eggs sell for $3.50 per dozen, and the fresh fryers sell for $3.50 per pound.
The layers are a mixture of predominately Rhode Island Reds with a few Buff Orpingtons and some game birds. The pasture layers are there to follow the farm’s herd of Jersey cows that provide milk and calves, which James sells as pasture-raised beef.
The hens are housed in a mobile laying and roost house about every two to three weeks as the cows move around the 140-acre pasture farm. During the day, the hens forage in the field, eating crickets, grasshoppers and scratching in the manure piles for fly larve.
“Just think,” James noted, “that if each hen ate 200 fly larve and 25 crickets a day how much that would cut down on the insect population.”
He also noted how when the hens scratch in the manure they “spread” the pile out and there is not the usual tall spot of grass from the fertilization of the manure.
The hens are managed by sons James Jr. and Jacob. Each night, the boys go out to the pasture and close the hens in, and each morning, come and let them out. They feed the hens a mixture of corn, oats and wheat, and provide a mineral mix. They also gather the 20 dozen eggs the hens lay each week. The hens produce light-brown eggs that when cracked provide a dark-orange yellow, indicative of the high percentage of corn in their diet.
The broilers are American Cornish Rock chickens, and this operation consists of three simple “houses” on a clover alfalfa pasture. James’s daughter, Martha, manages the houses, and each morning, rides her bicycle with two 5-gallon buckets of feed hanging from the handlebars to the broiler pasture a quarter mile from the house.
The houses sit tightly to the ground and are reinforced with chicken wire to keep out predators. Just in case the houses sit on a hump and leave a space at the bottom, an additional board fills the hole a skunk could use to sneak in and wreck havoc.
Martha feeds the broilers the same mixture of corn, wheat and oats as the hens and utilizes the left over milk from the cows. James said he allows the milk to set over night and become the consistency of yogurt. He adds the milk to the grain to increase the protein. He also said the birds eat the “wet” feed better than just the grain.
The houses are moved twice a day to new pasture. The Nolts run water lines throughout the farm so Martha only has to walk a few yards to a water source. It takes about 10 weeks on the pasture for the birds to get to market size.
The Holts also raise pasture raised poultry and rabbits. James emphasized how important pasture-raised animals are to the environment.
It’s the best stewardship of the land, he said, since the soil is always covered with grass.


Farm-raised vs. store-bought

chickens2 chickens3 chickens4
In a conversation with Dr. Jacquie Jacob, extension project manager for the Department of Animal and Food Sciences at the University of Kentucky, Jacob noted research is not definitive on whether farm-raised eggs have increased nutritional value compared to eggs bought in the grocery.
“The nutritional value of the egg comes from what the hens are fed, not from just being outside,” Jacob said.
She also said that while many people think farm-raised eggs taste better, research has shown that in blind taste tests, there has been no significant difference in the panel results of grocery eggs and farm eggs when it comes to flavor.

Spotlight on small towns: Trenton, Ky.

trenton3By Rhonda Werner
There’s just something about a small town. As the old saying goes, when you grow up in a small town you cannot wait to leave, and once you leave, you cannot wait to get back. I know I somewhat felt that way growing up in Elkton. Now that I’m older and have a family, I couldn’t think of anywhere else I’d rather have my children growing up.
Our region is spotted with some hidden gems of small towns and over the next few issues, we will be highlighting some of those towns that perhaps aren’t on the beaten path anymore. It takes a specific reason to drive through them and hopefully we will give you a few reasons to make that detour.
Trenton is nestled in the far Southwest corner of Todd County near the Tennessee state and Christian County line.
Trenton is probably best known for its lush farm land and the railroad track that runs right through the center of town, but there is so much more to it.
When you visit any small town, time slows down, and you need to disconnect from technology and just enjoy what’s in front of you.
Trenton has had a bit of a resurgence of businesses over the past few years, and I reached out to a dear family friend Carrie Joy Brookshire, whom I would almost call “the spokesperson of Trenton,” for some added details to a local’s take on their hometown.
Carrie Joy, her husband and sons farm right on the south side of Trenton.
Agriculture is a huge part of Trenton, from WF Ware Co., a grain facility that has been a part of Trenton since the 1920s, to the new Ag Strong Canola refining and processing business that is just a couple yards down the road. Agriculture roots run deep in Trenton.
The people of Trenton are what makes it such a special and unique town. As Carrie Joy said, “It’s a sweet little town where you can actually know your neighbors and borrow a cup of sugar most hours of the day.” And knowing Trenton, I have no doubt that happens quite often.
What Trenton lacks in size, it makes up for in heart. The volunteerism in Trenton is strong, from many chipping in to help with Bale Trail creations, to the Volunteer Fire Department, the Farmers Market on Saturday’s and just all the work the churches do in the community.
There are many reasons to go to Trenton outside of just the people, their retail sector has really grown lately. Thanks to a billboard on Interstate 24, many folks who are involved in quilting are making the detour to head into town.
Denise Shivers started Golden Threads in 1996, which was her sewing shop for interior design pieces) and then in 2010 she opened up an adjoining shop called Quilt and Sew which is a full line quilt shop with fabric, thread, anything you can think of needing in regards to quilting, you will find at Quilt and Sew.
Earlier in September, right across the street from Quilt and Sew/Golden Threads, the Wooden Needle has opened up and they are all about yarn. Knitting and crocheting supplies and yarn as well as embroidery services and long arm quilting. Gayla Deal is the owner of The Wooden Needle, and said “our store and Quilt and Sew are not competitors, we complement each other well and help to draw even more of the crafty crowd to Trenton.”
What I find very unique about both of these stores is that each offer classes. If you want to learn to sew, learn to quilt, learn to crochet or learn to knit, Trenton should be your destination. These ladies will do all they can to help you increase your skills.
For antique lovers, Yester Year Antiques is just around the corner from the sewing and yarn shops and is a great place to find a relic of times gone past. Helen Gardner manages the antique shop. They focus on primitives, old farm tools and the owners hit up various estate sales and travel around to find just the right pieces to bring into the shop.
The antique shop used to be a Massey Ferguson Tractor shop and has now been re-purposed but elements of the old shop are still present which gives is a nice charm. The desire to re-purpose is ever present in Trenton, as the Black Sheep Bistro was and old gas station re-purposed into a restaurant and many of those old elements, like the car rack, are still used in the restaurant today. The old Trenton School Is now used as the Trenton Community Center. They find a way to keep history alive in Trenton.
All of these above mentioned stores are open on Saturdays, and weekdays Tuesday to Friday, so take a detour from the main highways and interstates and explore some of the small town gems that are in our area. You may even pick up a new talent such as quilting or knitting, and you will for sure leave with a full belly after a meal at the Black Sheep.

State officials begin push for the future of hemp farming in the Bluegrass

By Matt Hughes
Will hemp be a major player in the future of Kentucky agriculture?
Believe it or not, hemp was once one of the United States’ most important crops, and Kentucky, for a century, was at the center of this industrial boom.
Throughout the 19th century, Kentucky’s “bluegrass” region, which included Fayette, Woodford, Jessamine, Garrard, Clark, Bourbon, Boyle, Scott and Shelby counties, turned out more hemp that any one region in the country. More than one third of the nation’s 400 bagging, bale rope and cordage factories were located there.
There were ups and downs as industrial hemp competed with other cash crops, such as cotton, for dominance, but hemp always seemed to come back.
Then, in September 1937, hemp prohibition began. With the passage of the Marihuana Tax Act, the federal government began to crack down on the possession and cultivation of cannabis by requiring a stamp to grow the crop.
The last commercial hemp fields were planted in Wisconsin in 1957.
In 1969 in Leary v. United States, part of the Act was ruled to be unconstitutional as a violation of the Fifth Amendment, since a person seeking the tax stamp would have to incriminate him/herself. In response, Congress passed the Controlled Substances Act and marijuana officially became a drug.
Congress banned hemp largely because at the time it was said to be a violent and dangerous drug. The problem is, hemp is not a drug.
Although hemp is often confused with its closely related cousin — marijuana — its uses are actually quite different. While marijuana is the party animal in the family, hemp is more of a workaholic. In the early days of the U.S. it was used to manufacture rope, canvas, fabric and paper.
According to leafscience.com, a Canadian website covering the latest news and facts about marijuana, science proves the difference. It comes down to the psychoactive chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
“While marijuana plants contain high levels of THC, hemp contains very little of the psychoactive chemical,” said a Leaf Science report from Sept. 14, 2014. “This single difference is what most rely on to distinguish hemp from marijuana. For example, countries like Canada have set the maximum THC content of hemp at 0.3 percent. Any cannabis with higher THC levels is considered marijuana instead.”
Potential hemp farmers got a brief glimpse of hope in 2014. Section 7606 of the Agricultural Act of 2014 allows states to permit the growth of industrial hemp.
Thirteen states, including California, Colorado, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, Vermont and West Virginia, took advantage of that act to allow industrial hemp farming for research and commercial purposes.
However, on Aug. 12, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in consultation with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, released a Statement of Principles on Industrial Hemp.
Last week, Kentucky Agriculture Commissioner Ryan Quarles responded to that statement, urging the federal government to reconsider positions that would impede the ability of Kentucky and other states to carry out research projects on industrial hemp.
“I am concerned that some of the positions set forth in [the] Statement of Principles could hinder industrial hemp’s economic potential by imposing restrictions narrower than the parameters defined by Congress,” Commissioner Quarles wrote in a letter to three federal agencies dated Sept. 12. “KDA [Kentucky Department of Agriculture] respectfully urges you to reconsider these problematic positions, and to join KDA in our efforts to lay a solid foundation for future growth.”
Highlighted in his letter were three key problems with the statement that he said “are contrary to Congressional intent or otherwise inadvisable.” There are:
n Redefining “industrial hemp” to include only historically proven applications (fiber and seed) while excluding other potential applications. Commissioner Quarles said the Statement excludes cannabidiol (CDB), which advocates claim has a wide variety of health benefits. Commissioner Quarles said more than half of the industrial hemp acreage cultivated this year by pilot program participants in Kentucky is being raised to harvest CBD.
n Broadening the definition of THC beyond the definition in federal law. The Statement attempts to redefine the federal definition of industrial hemp.
n Prohibiting transfers of hemp seeds and plants across state lines. Federal law prohibits spending federal funds to prevent the transport of hemp grown by a participant in an industrial hemp research pilot program. Federal law even permits importation of hemp seeds and plants from foreign sources under the authority of a research pilot program and the importation and sale of internationally grown hemp grain and fiber.
Data from the KDA show that under current federal restrictions, Kentucky and other states are currently missing out on a major cash producing crop.
Without commercial industrial hemp production in the United States, the domestic market is largely dependent on imports, both as finished hemp-containing products and as ingredients for use in further processing.
“More than 30 nations grow industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity,” reports the KDA website. “The United States is the only industrialized nation that does not allow industrial hemp production. Current industry estimates report that U.S. retail sales of all hemp-based products may exceed $300 million per year.”
Hemp is used in a range of foods that include milks, tofu, yogurt, snack bars, granola, waffles, pancake mix, oatmeal, protein powder, oil and shakes. It also goes into fabrics and textiles, yarns and raw or processed spun fibers, paper, carpeting, home furnishings, construction and insulation materials, auto parts, composites, animal bedding, body care products, nutritional supplements, industrial oils, cosmetics, personal care products and pharmaceuticals.
Earlier this month, the USDA announced that certified pilot programs for industrial hemp are now eligible for National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) federal grant funding. Officials are hopeful this will provide ample support to a number of pilot programs in Kentucky.
“The USDA determining that industrial hemp research projects are eligible to compete for federal funding through existing grant programs is a good development for Kentucky farmers and helps ensure that industrial hemp pilot programs can continue with federal assistance,” said Senator Mitch McConnell. “It also demonstrates that the federal government agrees that this is a crop worth researching. Senator Paul and I have heard from countless Kentuckians regarding industrial hemp’s potential to expand agricultural opportunities for farmers and grow our economy and we look forward to continuing to work with the Kentucky Commissioner of Agriculture Ryan Quarles, researchers in the state, and our colleagues in Congress to ensure that hemp research continues to move forward and that Kentucky remains the lead state in demonstrating how industrial hemp could once again be a cash crop for Kentucky.”
So, with everything falling into place, the stage appears set for Kentucky and hemp to once again be bound together in success.
“Historically, Kentucky was a leader in hemp production, and it is already staking out its position at the head of the pack once again,” said Senator Paul. “I’m pleased to see the USDA respond to Kentucky farmers’ concerns by officially leveling the playing field for industrial hemp pilot programs.”

MATT HUGHES is the editor of the Journal Enterprise. Reach Matt at 270-667-2068 or matt@journalenterprise.com.

Industrial Hemp Research Pilot Program now taking applications for 2017
New measures set to enable sustained growth of the program

FRANKFORT — Kentuckians interested in participating in the industrial hemp research
pilot program in 2017 are invited to submit an application with the Kentucky Department of Agriculture.
The KDA operates its program under the authority of a provision of the 2014 federal farm bill, 7 U.S.C. § 5940, that permits industrial hemp pilot programs in states where hemp production is permitted by state law. Participants planted more than 2,350 acres of hemp in 2016 compared with 922 acres in 2015 and 33 acres in 2014, the first year of the program.
Applicants should be aware of important new measures for the 2017 research program, including the following:

  • To strengthen the department’s partnership with state and local law enforcement officers, KDA will provide GPS coordinates of approved industrial hemp planting sites to law enforcement agencies before any hemp is planted. GPS coordinates must be submitted on the application. Applicants must consent to allow program staff and law enforcement officers to inspect any premises where hemp or hemp products are being grown, handled, stored, or processed.
  • To promote transparency and ensure a fair playing field, KDA will rely on objective criteria, outlined in the newly released 2017 Policy Guide, to evaluate applications. An applicant’s criminal background check must indicate no drug-related misdemeanor convictions, and no felony convictions of any kind, in the past 10 years. Staff with the KDA’s industrial hemp pilot project program will consider whether applicants have complied with instructions from the department, Kentucky State Police, and local law enforcement.
  • As the research program continues to grow, KDA’s hemp staff needs additional resources and manpower to administer this tremendously popular program. The addition of participant fees will enable KDA Hemp Staff to handle an increasing workload without needing additional taxpayer dollars from the General Assembly. Program applicants will be required to submit a nonrefundable application fee of $50 with their applications. Successful applicants will be required to pay additional program fees.
    Grower applications must be postmarked or received by the KDA marketing office no later than 3:30 p.m. Nov. 14, 2016. Processor or handler applicants are encouraged to submit their applications by the same deadline .
    For more information, including the 2017 Policy Guide and a downloadable application, go to kyagr.com/hemp.

Sisters hold onto heirloom farm in father’s honor

Sisters Josephine Abshire-Furlow (standing left) and Dorothy Tolliver smile with their now late mother and father, Precious and William “Jack” Abshire.

Sisters Josephine Abshire-Furlow (standing left) and Dorothy Tolliver smile with their now late mother and father, Precious and William “Jack” Abshire.


Sisters Josephine Abshire-Furlow (standing left) and Dorothy Tolliver smile with their now late mother and father, Precious and William “Jack” Abshire.

By Zirconia Alleyne

It’s been almost a decade since William “Jack” Abshire died, but his two daughters and a visionary granddaughter are keeping his 61-acre farm in the family, hoping to honor his life’s work and to encourage other black farmers to keep farms in their families.
“There’s a lot of pride in it,” said Abshire’s oldest daughter, Dorothy Tolliver, who stays at the farm regularly. “Daddy worked from bootstraps up, and he put a lot of blood, sweat and tears into that, so why would we say ‘It doesn’t mean anything’ and just let it go?”
William started out as a sharecropper then became a tenant and, in 1952 when he bought his own farm, he became the employer.
“Some people weren’t able to understand how he was able to do that being an Afro-American,” she said.
Dorothy, now 74, was 10 years old when her father bought the farm in Logan County.
Her sister, Josephine Abshire-Furlow, 72, loved being outside helping their dad. He raised everything from corn and tobacco, to chickens, cows and pigs.
“We slaughtered our own pigs,” Dorothy recalled. “It was cold as the dickens outside when we did that because they didn’t want the meat to spoil.”
Dorothy remembers stuffing sausage into casings and canning some of the meat with their late mother, Precious.
The sisters also have fond memories of driving the mule and wagon to pull corn, helping with the tobacco and eating fresh tomatoes out the patch.
“In the summertime, we would take sugar or salt and put it in a little plastic bag, and you’d get a tomato off the vine and eat that, then you’d take off, and you’d work some more,” Dorothy said.
Sunday afternoons were for ice cream socials. Grandma Hattie would round up the kids and take them fishing down at the pond.
Dorothy’s daughter, Janet Tolliver, 41, has fond memories of visiting her grandparents’ farm.
“Grandmother Precious was the backbone,” Janet said. “People wanted to come work for Granddaddy because they always got a meal. It was a feast.”
William would be 96 years old if he was still living, and his daughters are certain he would still be farming in some capacity.
In his later years, William took up gardening, which Josephine believes he enjoyed more than large-scale farming.
“He had a beautiful vegetable garden,” she remembered. “He had everything you could think of.”
William became known as “Vegetable Man” because he would sell his produce around the county and at the Russellville farmers market.
“It was his pride and joy to have the largest stalk of corn or cabbage or tomato,” Dorothy said.
After their father died, the sisters said their mother didn’t think twice about giving up the farm. And when Precious died several years later, Dorothy and Josephine didn’t think about selling it either.
Although neither of them farm today, the sisters lease the land to local farmers, which is a common practice among rural landowners, and both women handle the financial side of the business.
“There’s nothing that goes on at the farm that I don’t tell her,” Dorothy said about making decisions with Josephine, who lives in Detroit.
That’s just the way they were raised, Dorothy said, to do everything as a family, from work to church to decision-making.
In hindsight, Josephine — a retired college professor — said their parents were visionaries, and they taught them to be responsible, dedicated and to take care of everything they had.
“He had the foresight of looking forward and seeing what he wanted his family to do and be,” she said, “and that was to have your land, grow your own crops, and have your own livestock — just have your own.”
“I think it’s important to hold onto the land because that’s the legacy they left — a legacy of land and ownership,” she continued.
Dorothy said his mindset opened the door of opportunity, despite the fact that he wasn’t college educated.
William served on the Logan County Farm Service Agency board and was so respected by the staff that several of them were pallbearers at his funeral, Dorothy noted.
“He was able to go into banks and sit down with bankers and lawyers and know what he had in mind, to know the types of loans he wanted to get and being able to invest,” she said.
Dorothy said as long as they can keep the land, that’s what they are going to do. Although her son, Kenneth, has no interest in farming, Janet, who has a master’s degree in counseling and human development, hopes to one day inherit the farm.
Her vision is to open a transitional housing facility for felons and the homeless to learn work skills and how to be self-sufficient.
“I want to let them know what it is to grow a crop,” Janet said. “I would love to work with drug and alcohol offenders because when you have a felony offense, it’s hard to get a job.
“I would let them work the land, let them grow and cook their own food and make it a skill builder for resumes,” she continued.”If I can get this established — and that is my goal — I would, but that is up to them,” she said, looking at her mother.
At the end of the day, Dorothy said they will keep the farm in the family. She hopes to encourage other minority farm families to hold onto their land, if only for the location to be a family heirloom or meeting place.
“There are no African-American farmers up there anymore, except for one, and there used to be a lot of them up there,” Dorothy said. “In the essence of it being home, we can still go back. We stay there, and we have our family functions there.”
Josephine comes down to visit periodically, and Dorothy spends days at a time on the farm tending to the cats that still live there. Janet looks forward to Thanksgiving at the farm every year.
The family lost most of their memorabilia in a fire when Dorothy and Josephine were little girls, but a neighbor had a photo of the sisters that she gave to them as a keepsake.
Dorothy said the rapport and camaraderie is still strong among the farm families and friends their parents made in Logan County. She said her father was respected and loved by many because of his giving spirit and caring
“He had people working for him, but he treated people like he wanted to be treated …,” she said. “He would bend over backwards to help you if he could.”
Most of all, Josephine said her father was passionate about farming, her mother was dedicated to everything that involved the family, and at the center of it all was God. Precious served on the church Mother’s Board and William was a deacon.
“You never heard my dad complain,” Josephine said. “I know as hard as he worked, he had to be tired, but he didn’t complain. He had a lot of love in what he did. The proof was in the pudding.”

Bouncing along the Bale Trail

bale1By Rhonda Werner
The wisps of smoke coming from dark fired tobacco barns, the elongation of shadows and the hint of crisp mornings are sure signs of fall here in Western Kentucky, but three years ago, one signal of fall in Todd County became a little more creative.
The Todd County Community Alliance started Todd County’s Bale Trail in 2014, debuting with around 21 hay bale creations. As of last count, the number of registered creations has crept to nearly 50 for 2016.
The Bale Trail is created by individuals or businesses who build various creations out of hay, round bales, square bales, chicken wire stuffed with hay — anything you can create out of hay. Some of the more memorable creations in the past have been minions, Hello Kitty, and Olaf from “Frozen,” just to name a few.
Laura Brock, the Elkton City Clerk and Secretary/Treasurer for the Todd County Community Alliance, is the one who first stumbled upon the Montana Bale Trail idea while researching a trip out west.
“I brought the event to the Community Alliance Board in 2014 and the board loved that it would get the community involved, as well as bring people into Todd County to eat and shop.”
This project also would involve the agriculture community of Todd County, a segment the Alliance had been hoping to reach and involve, as agriculture is a large portion of the county’s economy.
To say it’s been a hit would be an understatement. It has now become a signature county initiative and something everyone looks forward to every year. Not only does it bring tourism to the county, it has brought the community together. Everyone pitches in, helps their neighbor, share’s ideas and many get their whole family involved.
Andrea Howard Jones was one of the initial 21 people who participated in 2014 and has every year since.
“We thought it would be a great activity for the family to do together,” she said.
The first year, Andrea and her family built the letters U and K and a paw print out of hay. She estimates maybe 50 visitors came to their house to see their creation.
“Last year, we used  four large round bales and created the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, and I estimated we had over 200 people stop to enjoy the Turtles.”
This year, Andrea and her family capitalized on the Pokemon craze and created a “PokHAYmon Ball” and a “PikHAYchu” and anticipates even more visitors this year.
“It’s been good for bringing in tourists and even having people from Todd County explore their own county,” she said. “I’ve had several people stop by who say they’d never been to Allegre before.”
Tabitha West and her family created their first Bale Trail creation this year, “Spongebob Hay Pants.”
“We decided to do the bale trail this year because our kids always enjoy going and exploring the bale trail, so why not make one of our own,” Tabitha said.
The sentiment from it all is family time, whether building or driving around the county to capture pictures with all the creations. It’s a way to slow things down, step away from the technology and enjoy the countryside.
Businesses have also joined the Bale Trail craze. Banks, nursing homes, engineering firms and hamburger restaurants are just a few that have brought their employees together. The Elkton Post Office has participated the last two years.
Frank Gillespie, Elkton post master, said the employees brain storm for a few months on their creation and then there’s a few crafty postal workers who actually put up their display.
“We like to be a part of the community, and this is just a fun way to participate and be active in our community,” he said.
The Todd County Bale Trail runs from mid-September until the end of October.
To find a map with all the entries, visit the Todd County Alliance website at www.toddcountyca.org. There is also a printout with each creation and a physical address listed.